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Blog Post The Different Types of Coffee Explained

Espresso, Cappuccino and Affogato – for something so simple, coffee has developed a language that only avid coffee drinkers can understand.
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Espresso, Cappuccino and Affogato – for something so simple, coffee has developed a language that only avid coffee drinkers can understand. But what about the people who are just starting their coffee drinking journey, how can they understand this complex language only local café seem to know?!
 
Well, the team at The Two Essentials has pulled together a ‘Barista Bible’ so you can educate yourself on the twelve kinds of coffee available at your local coffee shop.
 
Espresso 
 
While the premise of an espresso is simple, using high-pressure to shoot boiling hot water through ground coffee beans and pour the brew into an absurdly small cup. However, ask any barista and they will tell you it’s not that simple. Espresso is one of the purest and most refined coffee experiences you will ever and so takes a great deal of time to perfect.
 
Café Latte
 
A popular drink among coffee drinks – and a good starter coffee for those just beginning – a latte is made up of a single shot of espresso with steamed milk poured over it. You will be able to identify the Latte from the Vienna by looking at how the milk is steamed; your latte will become quite frothy and foamy where as the Vienna will be topped with cream.
 
Cappuccino
 
Quite possibly one of the most popular coffees in the world, the Cappuccino also is a strong contender for the best! Just like a cake, the Cappuccino is layered into an espresso, followed by a shot of steamed milk and then finished with frothed, foamy milk. It is then topped off with chocolate shavings or powder.
 
Mocha 
 
Typically a good starting point for new coffee drinkers, the Mocha is essentially a latte with a chocolate powder or syrup, mixed into the drink to make it sweeter and thicker.
 
Affogato 
 
The Affogato is a truly unique coffee experience, winning the title of ‘Sweetest Coffee Drink!’ This delicious drink is simply a scoop of vanilla ice cream ‘drowned’ in hot espresso. Some variations of this drink also include a shot of amaretto, Bicerin or other liqueur.
 
Americano 
 
Almost an inverse of the Espresso, an Americano is made using one shot of espresso but with more hot water! While it does result in a waterier coffee, it is a popular drink in its country of origin, America, where soldiers made their coffee like this to make it last longer.